|Norge - Norway - Noreg|
|Svalbard - New Ålesund|
Ny-Ålesund is one of the four permanent settlements on the island of Spitsbergen in the Svalbard archipelago. It is located on Brøggerhalvøya and Kongsfjorden. Like the rest of Svalbard, Ny-Ålesund is administered by the Kingdom of Norway. It is one of the worlds northernmost settlements at 78°55'N 11°56'E, and is the worlds northernmost functional public settlement. It is 107 km away from Longyearbyen. Today, it is inhabited by a permanent population of approximately 30-35 persons. All of them work for one of the research stations e.g. the Norwegian Polar Institute or the logistics and supply company Kings Bay AS, which owns and runs the research village. In the summer the activity in Ny-Ålesund is greatly increased with up to 120 researchers, technicians, and field assistants. At present, Norway, the Netherlands, Germany, United Kingdom, France, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea and China all maintain research stations at Ny-Ålesund, although not all are inhabited year-round.
Ny-Ålesund is home to the new Arctic Marine Laboratory (the northernmost in the world), which was officially opened on 1 June 2005. With many open rooms and wet and dry lab spaces alike, the marine lab is particularly useful for countries which do not maintain permanent research stations in the area. The climate is mild in relation to Ny-Ålesunds north latitude, from the Gulf Stream that flows northwards from mainland Norway up the west coast of Spitsbergen. The mean temperature in the coldest month (February) is -14°C, while the warmest month (July) has a mean temperature of +5°C
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